03 Apr 10 Gods & Goddesses of Ancient Egypt
Egypt was one of the first civilizations on Earth, and thus is one of the oldest cultures in existence. Here is a description of the 10 Gods & Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. The first dynasty of the Old Kingdom dates back before 3,000 B.C. By that time, Egyptian religion had already developed an elaborate mythology and cosmology, and a diverse pantheon of fascinating deities – some of which are still held sacred today!
Let’s take a look at some of the most important and widely worshiped gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt.
Osiris was one of the most important Egyptian gods. The son of Geb and Nut (the Earth and Sky), he was originally the god of crops and agriculture… until he was killed and dismembered by his brother Set. Then his wife, Isis, gathered the pieces of his corpse together and brought him back to life. After that, he was known as the god of the Underworld, who would pass judgment on departed souls.
The wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, Isis was known as the “Mother of God.” The ritual of mummification can be traced back to her: she created the first mummy when she resurrected her dead husband, Osiris.
She was the most important goddess of the ancient world, and she is still revered by some goddess worshiping cults today!
Horus was the Egyptian sky god, usually depicted with the head of a hawk. He was the son of Isis and Osiris, a mighty warrior who avenged his father by defeating his uncle, the wicked god Set.
Set (or Seth) was the other son of Geb and Nut, and the evil brother of Osiris, depicted with the head of a donkey, a pig or a hippopotamus. Set was the god of chaos and darkness. He became jealous of his brother, the ruler of Egypt, and murdered him in order to usurp the throne.
Anubis was the son of Set, and was depicted with the head of a jackal. He was the protector of the dead, who conducted the souls of the dead to the Underworld, to the halls of judgment, where Osiris would review their life and deeds. He was closely associated with mummification, and his image could always be found decorating Egyptian tombs.
Ra was the Egyptian sun god, and like Horus, he is usually depicted with the head of a hawk. For most of the Egypt’s ancient history, he was the most important deity in the pantheon. Many different gods – Aten, Amun, Horus, Montu, etc. – were at one time or another associated with Ra, or were considered one and the same.
Hathor was the daughter of Ra, and the wife or consort of Horus. She was considered the goddess of women, beauty, pleasure, love, music and dancing, and was depicted as a cow, or as a woman with a headdress made of cow horns.
Amun was the chief god of the priesthood of Thebes, whose name means “Hidden or Mysterious One.” During the period of the New Kingdom, Amun was fused with the sun god Ra, becoming the most widely worshiped deity in Egypt: Amun-Ra.
It’s also possible that Amun is the root of the Christian term, “Amen,” which is said to conclude a prayer.
Ma’at was the Egyptian goddess of truth and justice, and her symbol was an ostrich feather, which she is depicted as wearing in her headdress. In the afterlife, the hearts of the dead are weighed against her “feather of Truth.” Those who failed this test were eaten by a fearsome beast called Ammut, the Devourer.
Thoth was the Egyptian god of knowledge, science, writing and mathematics. He was depicted with the head of an ibis, sometimes with a crescent moon above his head, and always holding a pen and tablet. His primary duty was to record the deeds of the deceased into the Book of the Dead.
He stood apart from the rest of the pantheon… he was even older than the oldest gods, and would often act as an intermediary between them.
Here’s a painted stone-like surround on the wooden frame.
This is a medium sized set with beautiful lines and fine detail based on Egyptian mythology and history many of the bases even have hieroglyphs and traditional decoration.
A Beautiful mix of six different Incense blends to burn when Honoring the Egyptian gods/Deities. Also may be used in any Egyptian rituals or your Sacred Ritual space.